Category: Advocacy Resources

Celebrating Indigenous Peoples

As we celebrate Native American Heritage Month, I want to share the following resources with the campus community. Let’s learn the different ways we can decolonize our institutions and communities.

Why Aren’t There More Native American Restaurants

When you think of North American cuisine, do Indigenous foods come to mind? Chef Sean Sherman serves up an essential history lesson that explains the absence of Native American culinary traditions across the continent.

The Intergenerational Wisdom Woven Into Indigenous Stories

The way we behave politically, socially, economically and ecologically isn’t working, says community organizer and activist Tai Simpson. Sharing the creation myth of her Nez Perce tribe, she advocates for a return to the “old ways” guided by Indigenous wisdom that emphasize balance, community and the importance of intergenerational storytelling in order to protect what’s sacred.

UCO Land Acknowledgement Website
This site contains resources and information to advance your understanding of Native cultures and how we can prevent their erasure.

What is Equity Mindedness?

A primary function of the Office of Inclusive Community is to promote the use of equity-mindedness throughout all facets of higher education and workplace policies, practices, procedures, curriculum, norms, etc. We want all of our faculty and staff to view their work through an equity-mindset in order to advance diversity and inclusion. So what is equity-mindedness? Well, first you need to understand what equity is. The Center for Urban Education provides a great series of illustrations to define equity. The graphics explain equity and inequity based on the student experience, but you can generalize their explanation to the faculty and staff experience as well.

Imagine an equal world in which we attempt to treat all people equally.

Most of us like to think we live in a world where if we treat all people equally, they will have the opportunity to succeed. If we all just work hard, we will have everything we need to succeed.

The problem with that imagining is, the world isn't equal

But the world isn’t equal, because individuals are born into varying sets of circumstances with varying privileges. Person 1 may be born into a family that is middle class, while Person 2 is born into a family that is lower socioeconomic class. Through no doing of their own, Person 1 has built-in privileges that Person 2 does not.

In fact, the world is inherently biased, making it much more difficult for some people to achieve upward mobility because not only were they born into a not ideal circumstances, they were also born into a marginalized or minoritized community.

On top of the varying circumstances and privileges people are born into, this world comes with hierarchy, inherent bias, and systemic oppression. Say Person 2, who was born into a lower socioeconomic class, is also born into a marginalized community… now Person 2 faces additional barriers to success and upward social mobility on top of the difficulties associated with low income.

When we try to make our institutions more diverse without first making them inclusive and accessible, we bring people from specific minoritized communities into a world in which they may not feel a sense of belonging and they may not be equipped to succeed.

As we work to increase diversity in our institutions, we cannot forget to implement equity and inclusion. Our institutions have been built in such a way as to work best for white male populations.  Afterall, that is who originally built the institutions and who the institutions were built for.

What we need to do is reflect on our policies and practices, our systems, values and norms, so we can ensure the equip those individuals from marginalized and minoritized communities to advance and feel a sense of belonging.

An equitable institution will examine resource distribution to ensure those resources are allocated to the communities who have the greatest need. They will provide extra support to those communities have been served least well by existing systems.

Watch the following video to gain an even better understanding of how inequity is built into systems and institutions.

Now that we have a better understanding of equity, let’s go over equity-mindedness. Equity-minded individuals examine unequal outcomes… unequal outcomes in student persistence, student grades, graduation rates, faculty and staff retention, faculty and staff advancement, etc. Equity-minded individuals look at these unequal outcomes to identify patterns based on race/ethnicity, gender identity, sexual orientation, citizenship status, and other facets of self-identity. For example, an equity-minded person will notice if faculty belonging to a minoritized race/ethnicity are being promoted at a much lower rate than their white colleagues. They will not place blame on the faculty belonging to the minoritized race/ethnicity by attributing their lack of advancement to stereotypical and often false assumptions such as lack of drive or talent. Instead, the equity-minded person will look at the institution’s policies and procedures for faculty promotion to identify specific language or practices that may be causing barriers to the advancement of those faculty members.

 Estela Mara Bensimon, Alicia C. Dowd and Keith Witham explain equity-mindedness best in their article, Five Principles for Enacting Equity by Design.

“Equity-minded individuals are aware of the sociohistorical context of exclusionary practices and racism in higher education and the impact of power asymmetries on opportunities and outcomes, particularly for African Americans and Latinas/os. Equity-minded individuals are:

  • Color-conscious (as opposed to color-blind) in a critical sense. Being color-conscious means noticing and questioning patterns of educational outcomes that reveal unexplainable differences in outcomes for minoritized students (Gillborn 2005); it means viewing inequalities in the context of a history of exclusion, discrimination, and educational apartheid. 
  • Aware that beliefs, expectations, and practices assumed to be neutral can have outcomes that are racially disadvantageous. Racial disadvantage is created when unequal outcomes are attributed to students’ cultural predispositions or when practices are based on stereotypical assumptions about the capacity, aspirations, or motives of minoritized populations (Bensimon 2012). 
  • Willing to assume responsibility for the elimination of inequality. Rather than viewing inequalities as a natural catastrophe (Coates 2015), equity-minded individuals allow for the possibility that inequalities might be created or exacerbated by taken-for-granted practices and policies, inadequate knowledge, a lack of cultural know-how, or the absence of institutional support—all of which can be changed. 
  • Aware that while racism is not always overt, racialized patterns nevertheless permeate policies and practices in higher education institutions. When policies have a disproportionate impact on students of color, they have the effect of maintaining racial hierarchies.”

I challenge us all at the University of Central Oklahoma to really Understand Equity-Mindedness and become equity practitioners. Let’s systematically review our policies, procedures, and curriculum for potential barriers and exclusionary practices that hinder the success of those students, faculty, and staff who belong to minoritized or marginalized communities. Let’s use Equity Tools to remove those barriers and advance inclusive excellence. Let’s constantly examine our assumptions and identify our blind spots. Let’s be lifelong learners who study the social histories of those minoritized and marginalized communities in an effort to increase our understanding and empathy.

Are you with me?

Cristi Moore
Inclusion & Diversity Strategist
Office of Inclusive Community

Resources to Advance Racial and Social Justice

We hope the following resources help support your continued growth and action in addressing racial and social injustice.

Action Resources

Healing Action Toolkit

10 Steps to Non-Optical Allyship

Support Black-Owned Businesses in OKC

Creating Equity by Design


Educational Tools

Black Lives Matter & Intercultural Development in Higher Education

National Council of Teacher of English Takes A Stance Against Racism

Antiracist Resources For Your 2020-2021 Teaching

Professional Development Resources about Social Injustice for Faculty and Staff

Center for Urban Education


Articles of Interest

Racism is a public health issue and ‘police brutality must stop; read what medical groups have to say on the topic.


Educational Viewing

  • 13th (Netflix)
  • American Son (Netflix)
  • Crash (Amazon Prime)
  • Dear White People (Netflix)
  • Fruitvale Station (Amazon Prime)
  • I Am Not Your Negro (Apple and Amazon Prime)
  • If Beale Street Could Talk (Hulu)
  • Just Mercy (Amazon and Apple)
  • King of the Wilderness (HBO)
  • Rodney King (Netflix)
  • Say Her Name: The Life and Death of Sandra Bland (HBO)
  • See You Yesterday (Netflix)
  • The Hate You Give (Cinemax)
  • When They See Us (Netflix)

Educational Listening

  • 1619 (New York Times)
  • About Race
  • Code Switch (NPR)
  • Intersectionality Matters! Hosted by Kimberlé Crenshaw
  • Momentum: A Race Forward Podcast
  • Pod For The Cause
  • Pod Save the People (Crooked Media)
  • Seeing White
  • This American Life
  • TED Radio Hour

Educational Reading

  • White Fragility by Robin DiAngelo
  • How to Be an Anti-Racist by Ibram X. Kendi
  • The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander
  • Divided Sisters by Midge Wilson and Kathy Russell
  • The Burning: Massacre, Destruction, and the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921 by Tim Madigan
  • So You Want To Talk About Race by Ijeoma Oluo
  • They Can Kill Us All by Wesley Lowery
  • The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness” by Michelle Alexander
  • Locking Up Our Own by James Forman
  • Stamped From the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America by Ibram X. Kendi
  • The Color of Law by Richard Rothstein
  • When They Call You a Terrorist: A Black Lives Matter Memoir by Patrisse Khan-Cullors and Asha Bandele
  • Anti-Racism Daily – Email Newsletter offers an overview on current events from an anti-racist perspective.

Organizations to Follow